Bishop Carlos Duarte Costa


Our Foundings

ICAB - The Catholic Apostolic Church of Brazil

Igreja Catolica Apostolica Brasiliera (ICAB) was founded on July 6, 1945, by Bishop Carlos Duarte Costa, the former Roman Catholic Bishop of the diocese of Botucatu, in Brazil. He was also devoted to the Blessed Virgin and the Blessed Sacrament. 

In the 1930s Duarte Costa became deeply involved in the social and political changes taking place in Brazil. Bishop Duarte Costa had been a strong advocate for the poor and for reforms in the Roman Church. He challenged many of issues, that the Second Vatican Council eventually changed as he envisioned.

Archbishop Costa's criticisms of the Holy See, particularly about Vatican foreign policy during World War II toward Nazi Germany, were not well received at the Vatican, and were a primary cause of his eventually being separated from the Roman Church.

Duarte Costa also advocated for substantive change in church positions on divorce, mandatory celibacy for the clergy, and the use of local language versus Latin in the liturgy. He publicly stated his contempt regarding abuses of papal power, including the concept of Papal Infallibility, which the Bishop considered a misguided and false dogma. Instead he advocated for a more collaborative governance model where power was shared with the Laity and where Bishops were elected by the people.

In 1936, Duarte Costa made his second ad limina visit to Rome, meeting with Pope Pius XI where he presented the Pope with his list of reforms for the Church of Brazil.  The meeting did not go well eventually resulting in Bishop Duarte Costa's excommunication on July 2nd 1945 and his resignation from the Roman Catholic Church on 6 July 1945. He immediately founded the independent Igreja  Catolica Apostolica Brasileira (ICAB) on that same date and remained its Primate until his death in 1961. ICAB today numbers about 1 million members in South America.

CACINA – The Catholic Apostolic Church in North America

CACINA was founded on January 23, 1949 with the consecration of the Most Reverend Stephen Corradi-Scarrelaas its bishop by Bishop Costa. His mandate was to establish mission churches consistent with the principles of ICAB in the North America. Bishop Corradi was sent first to Panama and then to the United States. Bishop Corradi founded the first parish of what became CACINA in Albuquerque, New Mexico in 1949.

The Catholic Apostolic Church in North America (CACINA) today is a relatively small Catholic community made up of nearly 15 parishes and missions in the US, as well as several religious communities. We welcome all, regardless of age, race, national origin, marital status, gender identity, sexual orientation, political beliefs, or economic status. 

CACINA is not affiliated with the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Episcopal or other sacramental churches. Our worship however and beliefs are largely in the Catholic tradition and celebrate the Mass and the seven sacraments as all Catholics. 

We are followers of Jesus Christ. We serve God in our communities. 

Our Beliefs And Principles






We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty Creator of Heaven and Earth,

and of all that is seen and unseen;

...and in one Lord,

 Jesus Christ the only Son of God,

eternally begotten of the Father;

God from God, Light from Light, 

True God from True God.

Begotten not made one in being with the Father through Him all things were made.

For us and for our salvation, He came down from heaven and

by the power of the Holy Spirit

He was born of the Virgin Mary 

and became one of us.

For our sake He was crucified 

under Pontius Pilate,

He suffered, died and was buried.

On the third day He rose again, in fulfillment of the scriptures.

He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in Glory to judge the living and the dead and 

His Kingdom will have no end.

We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and the Giver of Life

who proceeds from the Father

With the Father and the Son 

the Spirit is worshiped and glorified;

and has spoken through the prophets.

We believe in One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church,

we acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins,

and we look for the resurrection of the dead

and the life of the world to come





 INFALLIBILITY: CACINA believes that Christ calls each of us as a free gift of grace to be equal members of his mystical body. We do not believe that anyone, regardless of position in the Church, receives an infallible personal insight into the mind of God. 

Rather, the Holy Spirit inspires each person, lay, religious, and clergy, with gifts for the building of God's Kingdom (cf. 1 Corinthians 12, et al.) according to the Spirit's plan for God's people. 

The clergy are ordained as servant leaders and teachers of the Gospel; not as infallible arbiters of theological opinion. 

It is the duty of each person, under the teaching guidance of the Church, to inform themselves through prayer and study and arrive at an understanding of the truth revealed to our world by Jesus Christ and to apply their individual gifts to the building of God's Kingdom. 

FREEDOM & THE PRIMACY OF CONSCIENCE: Following the guidance of Bishop Duarte-Costa, CACINA respects "...freedom of thought in matters ...religious, civil, political, scientific, and philosophical ... not permitting any person to be questioned under any pretext in relation to his beliefs, so that his rights and obligations are not conditioned or limited in any way" (quotations from the English translation of the Statutes of ICAB 1945). CACINA, therefore, leaves to the informed conscience of its people those matters which are properly theirs to decide before God.


During His lifetime, Jesus Christ practiced open fellowship and broke bread with everyone that would partake with Him. We do the same. 

As Catholics, we believe that the consecrated bread and wine have been  substantively changed to the body and blood of Christ and as such should be consumed with reverence. Everyone is welcome at our liturgy to receive the Lord's Body and Blood. We only ask that you do so with respect





DIVORCE AND REMARRIAGE AND THE SACRAMENTS: Divorce is not, generally, an impediment to remarriage in CACINA and does not bar one from the reception of the Sacraments.

MARRIAGE EQUALITY: CACINA believes that love between two persons is a gift from God. We believe that the sacrament which has historically been termed matrimony is confected between the two individuals, the role of the Church being solely to recognize in public, witness, and bless the bond of love between two persons, irrespective of the gender of the parties. CACINA, therefore, will minister to those making commitments for life to each other in marriage,


PENANCE AND RECONCILIATION: All people sin. Sin is a sad but inherent part of a human nature which has yet to fully align itself with the will of God. As sinners we recognize the need for repentance and reordering of our lives; but also trust in the infinite love and forgiveness of our Lord. 

Reconciliation is the sacrament by which those who have wandered on paths which have led astray are reunited and reconciled to the Lord and his people. Though not required, private confession is available from any priest by request. 

General sacramental absolution is customarily granted to all present at the start of mass, following the act of reconciliation.


CACINA welcomes those women and men who perceive in their hearts and minds a vocation to serve the people of God through ministry as a priest or deacon or in a variety of other roles: lector, greeter, acolyte, musician, educator, etc. 

Unlike some independent jurisdictions, CACINA sets high standards for the selection, education, and training of candidates for ordination. Formation of our ordained clergy is managed by our St. Charles Institute under the guidance of The CACINA Director of Vocations.






We rejoice in the diversity of our long traditions as Catholics. We reject the view that has no appreciation for our rich, centuries long traditions in music, art, liturgical practice, customs and devotions. Although we occasionally may sing a hymn in Latin, we do not yearn for the liturgical life of the Church prior to Vatican II. Likewise, we do not use the newer translation of the Mass that was implemented in 2012. For example, we still say in our Creed "one in being with the Father" rather than "consubstantial with the Father." 

Our liturgy is a balance of the contemporary and traditional. 

 We give voice to devotion to Mary our Mother and to the saints, especially to Our Lady UnDoer of Knots. 

We venerate the Blessed Sacrament and infuse our liturgies with solemnity while also enhancing their meaningfulness to the faithful. 

Liturgical worship, especially the liturgy of the Holy Eucharist, is customarily celebrated using the sacramentary of Vatican II and the pre-2012 translations of the mass and other rites of the Roman Church with minor changes reflecting the beliefs of CACINA. 






We recognize the wisdom of CACINA’s canons that sees various roles in the church – the Bishops, the pastor, clergy and laity - each with its own charism and duties but which come together to do the work of the church. We also acknowledge that God has given each of us special talents – some as administrators and planners, others as counselors and teachers, others as musicians and readers, still others workers and helpers. Where feasible and practical we will work in teams to build our church.

 SERVANT LEADERSHIP: We will focus on developing “other Christs” – a parish full of Christian Servant Leaders. We are all leaders in one way or another because there are no spectators in Christianity!

Christ showed us that true leaders are servant leaders. In the end, servant leadership of others leads to selfless problem solving and thus more effective and sustainable solutions. Ultimately being s servant leader leads oneself to one’s own salvation.

Our parish will focus on developing servant leaders through prayer, reflection and development of leadership competency. 





WE EMBRACE SERVING OTHERS: We humbly and joyfully answer Christ’s call to serve one another and those in need. We reject “tourism” Christianity. We will devote resources and efforts to identify the needs that are present in our parish and surrounding community – large and small - and develop responses as best we can. 

SOCIAL JUSTICE  EFFORTS: As individual Christians, we each must follow Christs mandate to care for the least of his brethren in our own way.

As a community, we will target certain local efforts that allow us to make a difference in the lives of others.

STEWARDSHIP OF EARTH: We  see it as a moral obligation to care for our planet by conserving resources, working for safe environments for others, being kind to animals, etc.

STEWARDSHIP: This church belongs to our community. It is ours to care for. 

We realize that the Church must exist in the real world where to survive we must do want we can afford and pay our debts. To fund our Church we have stood up a planned giving program were we ask all  members of our community to give whatever they can to fund our activities as a church. The standard of giving is to tithe and having done so, make a commitment to follow through. Our PayPal program will automatically withdraw  funds from a  parishioner's bank account so that we have assurance of income.  

Other CACINA Parishes in the Baltimore-Washington Area


Holy Trinity Parish Herndon Virginia

St. Charles of Brazil Parish Linthicum Heights Maryland

St Andrew The Apostle Midland Virginia

432 Van Buren St, Herndon, VA 20170


(800) 603-0644, Extension 701 

Father Peter Smith

Interim Pastor of Holy Trinity Parish

Sunday Mass Schedule: 11:30 am


St Andrew The Apostle Midland Virginia

St. Charles of Brazil Parish Linthicum Heights Maryland

St Andrew The Apostle Midland Virginia

5096 Grace Church Ln (42.79 mi)
Midland, Virginia 22728

(540) 349-1661

Most Reverend Ronald Stephens

Presiding Bishop of CACINA and Pastor


St. Charles of Brazil Parish Linthicum Heights Maryland

St. Charles of Brazil Parish Linthicum Heights Maryland

St. Charles of Brazil Parish Linthicum Heights Maryland

116 Marydell Road
Linthicum MD 21090

800-603-0644, ext. 703

Mother Monica Kennedy


Sunday Liturgy at 11:00 am

Link to Our National Church Website